|Classic continental European
catalog pages of uncommon plugs
catalogs of electro-technical companies and retailers, published in the
1920s to 1960s you will find a large variety of plugs with uncommon
combinations of pin types. Two catalog pages shown below give an
During the second half of the 20st century most uncommon plug types disappeared because of an increasing standardization, but a demand for plugs for special purposes still exists (see museum section on uncommon plugs and sockets). Some of nowadays uncommon plugs have pin configurations were already introduced 1930s.
1939-'40 catalog, part of page 248
Polzahl = number of poles; Stiftstellung = pin configuration.
Besides common plugs with 4 and 5 mm pins (resp. nos. 14352 and 14354), Stotz-Kontakt offered a range of plugs and sockets for special purposes. Among others no. 14219.
The pin configuration of plug no. 14219 matches perfectly to the socket shown on the previous page. However, in 1939 plug 14219 was presented as a 3-pole, not earthed plug rated at 10A - 380V*.
Socket is rated at 220-380V - 10A. Moreover, the bottom left pole has a clear earth symbol, which makes sense when it is used for single phase, 220 Volt.
* 380V 3-pole means three-phase (formerly R, S, T, now L1, L2, L3), without neutral and protective earth. Three-pin, three-phase requires a balanced load between R, S and T, not uncommon in older days.
Pin configuration of SK 14219 ≡ Czech ČSN 35 4517 type C1
SK 14260 ≈ Czech type C or German HNA.
About Stotz- Kontakt:
1891: establishment of Moyé und Stotz, Elektrische Installationen in Mannhein, Germany. From 1896 Stotz und Cie,
Elektrizitätgesellschaft, later renamed to Stotz und Cie GmbH, elektrischer Spezialapparate.
1918: Stotz became a subsidiary of the Swiss company Brown, Boveri & Cie (BBC).
1930: merging of Stotz (Mannhein) and Kontakt (Frankfurt am Main). In 1939 a fire destroyed the Mannhein plant, and
Stotz-Kontakt moved to Heidelberg.
1968: merging of Stotz-Kontakt and the Electro division of Busch-Jaeger; shortly thereafter renamed to Busch-Jaeger
Elektro GmbH in Lüdenscheid. From 1988 a part of ABB (Asea Brown Boveri).
|Plug pin configurations, redrawn from
catalog page 70
catalog of Austrian
not polarized, 2-pin plug with 4 mm pins (commonly used for 6A-250V plugs)
not polarized plug with 5 mm pins (used for higher amperage)
polarized 3-pin plug
polarized 2-pin plug
polarized plug; probably HNA type or Czech ČSN 35 4517, type C plug (there is a subtle difference in pin spacing between HNA and Czech plugs).
polarized, 2-pole plug without earth
polarized, 2-pole plug with earth
earthed plug, possibly identical to Stotz-Kontakt 14219 and Czech ČSN 35 4517 type C1 plug.
4-pin plug, probably 380V 3-phase + N or protective earth.
Comparable model is still available in Czech Republic, see type D of ČSN 35 4517 series (rated at 10A 400V).
|D i g i t a l M u s e u m o f||P l u g s a n d S o c k e t s|