Museum of Plugs and Sockets logo, small BS 372 : 1930 Part I
not earthed plugs and sockets
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BS 372:1930 Part I was the last BS 372 standard for not earthed, 2-pin plugs and sockets. Images below show examples that date back to the 1930s - '60s. The use of not earthed sockets and plugs ended in 1970 when BS 373 Part I was withdrawn, following the introduction of BS 4573.

BS 4573:1970 defines 2-pin shaver plugs and sockets; the only not earthed domestic devices that are allowed nowadays in the UK. A concise history of British not earthed plugs is given a separate page

 

BS 372 Part 1, 5A socket
BS 372 Part 1, GEC 5A plug
Clix 2-pin 10A plug
BS 372 Part 1, Clix 15A plug

Clix 2-pin plug with grub screw for cord fixation
Clix system for wire attachment to plug pins
General Electric Co. BS372 2pin 5A plug


Specification of pin diameter, length and spacing are given in a table below.

1 BS 372 Part I, Bakelite, surface mount 2-pin 5A socket. Indicated is U.K. Patent No. 473440 for "Improvement in and relating to sockets and socket mountings for electrical plug connections", granted to Ward & Goldstone in 1937.   {JM}
2 BS 372 Part I plug, rated at 5A - 250V. Such flat top models existed for 2A, 5A and 15A and were made in England by General Electrical Company in the 1930s to (at least) 1950s. The Standard refers to "Two-pin Side-entry Wall Plugs and Sockets for Domestic Purposes", as the GEC plug shows.   {DP}
3 Two pin 10A plug made by Clix*. A rating of 10 A is an uncommon 'relict' of the old Union gauge (see historic note below). It did not comply to BS 73 and following BS 372. These standards described 2A, 5A, 15A and 30A only. Plug dating: possibly 1950s.
* Clix plugs had an unique type of wire attachment; image no. 6 shows the principle in detail.
4 CLIX BS 372 Part I plug, rated at 15A - 250V. The plug has a cord side entry, comparable to plug no. 5. Image nos 1 to 4 are shown in proportion to each other.   {GP}
5 5A CLIX type 5/2/B plug. Flex cord is gripped by a grub screw (made of wood), an improvement that has been patented by Charles Reginald Cook (Chesworth, Horsham, Sussex). Patent no. GB426943, granted on December 28, 1933. The patented CLIX wire fixation system is show in detail in image no. 6.   {MS}
6 CLIX type 5A plug, which allows the attachments of wires without using any tools.
The principle of wiring a CLIX plug: [1] unscrew cap; [2] release pins by pressing them inwards; [3] put wire through the loop of a pin; [4] insert pin with wire into the base of the plug and press the pin fully down; [5] screw the cap tightly down (this is essential to keep the wires in a safely locked position !).
The wire fixation system has been patented by four patents (GB371404, GB371418, GB403448, GB457113), granted between April 18, 1932 and October 4, 1935 to C.R. Cook.   {RM}

Note that the flex cable entry is opposite the plug face. Although top entry plugs were very common in the UK, they do not fully comply with BS 372 Part I or the preceding BS 73. British Standard require that the cord enters at the side (note given by David Peacock).
7 Two 2-pin plugs. The plug left shows the text: 5A.250V. B.S.GAUGE and has been made by General Electric Company. Pin spacing (16.7 mm) and diameter of pins (5.1 mm) are in accordance with BS 372 Part I, but pins are shorter: 13.3-13.5 mm, rather than 15.9 mm.   {Asw}
The 5A 2-pin plug right was generally used for flex cords (note given by Terry Weids). Plug does not have any indication of the manufacturer, other than "Made in England". Dating: 1960s.

BS 372 Part I 5A plug with separate earth wiring
BS 372 Part I 5A plug with separate earth wiring.; details

Lektrik BS 375 Part ! 5A plug
BS 372 Part I 5A plug "Made in England"

8, 9
5A BS 372 Part I plug, made by an unknown company that used a logo with tumble switch and letter B. Pin diameter = 5.1 mm; length = 13.5 mm (incl. rubber sleeve), spacing = 16.5 mm. Image no. 9 shows three remarkable features.
(1) pins have short rubberized sleeves at the holes of Bakelite housing. Sleeves seal pin-contact connection.
(2) the two parts of Bakelite housing are identical to each other and can be used for both plug (no. 9, left) and connector (no 9, middle), because they have two pairs of cut-outs for screws to fix wires of pins (lower cut-out pair) and contacts (upper cut-out pair). A simple production cost effective solution.
(3) although pin diameter and spacing is conform 5A not earthed BS 372, holes in the Bakelite cast provide the possibility to add an external earth wire (to be connected separately to an appliance).
Image of connector plug (no. 9, right) has been provided by Ian Green.   {IG}
10 5A BS 372 Part I plug. Separate entries for line and neutral wires rather than a single, larger hole might have been chosen because of the plug thickness of only 11 mm. The patterned plug surface gives a remarkably good grip. Pin diameter = 5.1 mm; length = 14.3 mm; spacing = 16.6 mm.
As plug no. 8 the two halves of Bakelite plug housing can be used for both plug and connector. However top and bottom halves are not fully identical. Top half has holes for screws, while the bottom half has corresponding threat.
Inside, the name Lektrik is visible, a registered trademark used by A.P. Lundberg and Sons of London for electrical accessories.   {IG}
11 5A BS 372 Part I plug, made in England by an unknown company. The 38 mm wide top half provides an excellent grip.
Pin diameter = 5.1 mm; length = 15.3; spacing = 16.6 mm.   {IG}

BS 372 Part I 5A plud made by EMPIRE - WT

Goltone BS 372 Part I 5A Bakelite multi-plug

12 5A BS 372 Part I plug. Product no. 631 has a logo with letters WT and carries the name EMPIRE. It is not clear whether Empire is a company name or a geographical indication (see for example no. 17). Grace's Guide gives a list of companies named 'Empire'; from motor cycles to umbrella frames. None of them could be linked to a manufacturer of electrical accessories.   {IG} 
13 Bakelite 2-pin multi-plug. Classic design made by Ward & Goldstone, who used the trademark Goltone. An inscription on top warns that the maximum load may not exceed 5A, 250V.   {ASw}

MK Electric BS 372 Part 1 5A socket with switch BS372 5A 2pin multiplug Grelco BS372 5A  plug with two dual 5A+2A outlets

BS1363 multi-purpose plug



14
Surface mount 5A BS 372 Part 1 socket with switch. Manufacturer: MK Electric. Dating: late 1960s.   {DH}
15 White plastic 3-way 5A, 2-pin multi-plug. Brand name: Clang.   {ASw}
16 BS 372 Part I, 5A multi-plug with outlets for 5A and 2A BS 372 Part I plugs. Made in England by Grelco.   {DP}
17 3A BS 1363 multi-plug, 'Empire Made' by Livia Electrical (model 5067). Besides a single BS 1363 outlet (with compulsory shutters) it also has two outlets for 5A 2-pin plugs. In the 1950s to '70s it was quite common to have 2-pin plugs on small appliances. The 2-pin outlets were convenient when people moved or had their house upgrades to BS 1363, but didn't like to change each unearthed round pin plug.   {DF}

Obsolete Britsh polarized 2-pin connector plug
GEC 1934 catalog, page 56

18 Polarized 2-pin connector plug, MADE IN ENGLAND. Rating: 10A - 250V. General Electric Company shows in the 1934 catalog - section 'Polarity Patterns' - a similar socket and plug (image right). It seems that there was a manufacturer logo below the horizontal slot, but it is not clear whether it was the GEC logo. The connector does not comply with BS 372.

Neither US T-slot (NEMA 2-20) nor Australian Extra Low Voltage plugs fit in the British connector, because of differences in flat pin size and spacing.

 

Characteristics of BS 372 Part I plugs
current rating
pin diameter
pin length
pin spacing
(centre to centre)

2A
3.6 mm
12.7 mm
12.0 mm
not in collection
  5A  5.1 mm
15.9 mm
16.7 mm

10A
5.0 mm 19.6 mm 19.5 mm
15A
7.0 mm 20.6 mm 22.3 mm
30A
7.9 mm
28.6 mm
32.0 mm
not in collection
Specifications of line and neutral pins of BS 372 Part I plugs differ from 3-pin BS 372 Part II plugs.
Consequently, not earthed plugs don't fit in earthed sockets that have the same current rating.

The South Africa classic page shows an example of an old, wooden 2-pin plug and socket.

 


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