Museum of Plugs and Sockets logo, small AS/NZS 3112 standard
Australasian plugs and sockets
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Plugs and sockets that conform with the AS/NZS 3112 standard are used in Australia and New Zealand and several Pacific Islands, which explains the name Australasian type. Comparable plugs are used in China, Argentina and Uruguay.
Origin of the type of plug is described on a separare page.
Type I profile Related galleries:
uncommon types
classic types
heavy duty types

 

Standard domestic 10A type-I socket Type-I 10A plug Australian 250V - 10A dual power outlet Australasian 10A vertical dual socket

1, 2
Standard domestic 10A - 250V socket and plug. Power pins (N and A; A means Active = line) and corresponding slots are obliquely positioned and resemble an inverted 'V'. The position of the pins makes Australasian type plugs irreversible. Even a not earthed, 2-pin plug is polarized.

Standard domestic rewirable plugs always have 3 pins, but the earth pin may be omitted on plugs moulded on appliance cords using IEC type C1 or C7 connector, as used for low current double insulated devices - such as battery chargers or shavers.
(image no. 26 on the page about IEC 60320 appliance couplers shows an example).

The earth pin is longer than the angled power pins and makes contact first. From April 2005 partially insulated power pins are mandatory for all plugs. Standard domestic plugs sold in Australia and New Zealand have a side entry cable. These plugs extend much less outwards beyond a wall socket than a top entry plug. Moreover, they are safer because it is not possible to pull out a plug by pulling the cable, rather than the plug.
Note that the cable entry is never positioned
straight downwards (180), but in a 135 rotated position (see insetbottom right). This allows the use of two or more side entry plugs below each other (for example in dual socket no. 4).

Manufacturers: PDL (no. 1), and Elto, New Zealand (no. 2). Brand logos and deatail are given below.
3, 4
A horizontally mounted dual socket (no. 3) is the preferred model in Australian and New Zealand homes, but dual sockets with outlets on top of each other are available (no. 4). Manufacturer: Clipsal.   {PT}

The choice between a horizontal and vertical dual flush socket is quite unique. U.S. flat blade and European Schuko dual sockets are always 'vertical', whereas British BS 546 and 1363 dual sockets are 'horizontal'.

 

10A plug and socket with lock

10A plug and socket with lock

Standard Australasian 10A cord extension socket

10A Australasian plug with clamp
       
Rewirable piggy back type Australasian plug
Australasian type piggy back extension lead

AS/NZS 3112 multiplugs

Australasian transparent 10A socket

5, 6
10A plug with threaded shroud (green arrow) and matching threaded socket (double arrow heads). This combination of plug and socket allows a securely locked attachment as illustrated in image nos. 6. Manufacturer: PDL.
7 Cord extension socket rated at 10A-250V. Manufacturer: PDL.
8 Standard 10A plug with clamp to facilitate removing the plug from a socket. The image shows both the plug and its three components. Manufacturer: HPM.
9, 10 Rewirable 10A plug with a single outlet, officially a "socket adapter plug", but commonly known as 'Piggy-back' plug (no. 9). The rewireable form of this plug is now banned from sale in Australia, but it is still available in New Zealand - where it is also known as a 'Tap-on' plug. In Australia this plug/outlet combination is available only when moulded onto an approved extension lead (no. 10).   {PT}
Manufacturers: PDL, New Zealand (no. 9) and Arlec Australia Pty Ltd, but made in China (no. 10).
11 Two examples of 10A 2-way multi-plugs, in Australia referred to as double adaptors.
Manufacturers: Ring-Grip, Australia (top model) and Resinart Ltd (renamed to D.R. Britton Ltd), New Zealand (bottom model).
12
Side view of a standard 10A socket with transparent housing. These sockets are intended to be mounted in ceilings for the attachment, by use of a plug connection, of recessed ceiling lights and exhaust fans. Manufacturer: HPM.

 

Material from Argentina and China is displayed on separate pages (click country name).


Logos of five, still existing, manufacturers that are represented in the museum collection.

Logos of Australian and New Zwaland manufacturers

See list of Manufacturers for more information on Australian and New Zealand companies.

 

Type I non-standard socket, small
 
  Obsolete type I socket
 
  Type I heavy duty socket, small
 
Uncommon plugs and sockets
Besides the standard type shown above there are variants for special purposes.
 
Classic models
Some older Australasian plugs and sockets are shown on a separate page.
 
Heavy duty types
Plugs and sockets rated for 15A, 20A, 25A, and 32A are displayed separately.

 


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